What Do Slugs Eat?
Slugs usually eat plants and flowers, and a lot of people are worried as they destroy their plants. If you are living in the area where you face more of rainy days, then, you surely are plagued with slugs. Even in summers, when there is a heavy or average rainfall, you can be prone to the huge population of slugs. Actually, slugs adore the moisture and dislike the sunlight. These slugs may find places in the pots to breed, as your potting methods are not good, and they can ruin the garden overnight.
Various types of British land slugs as drawn by Adams L.E. in 1896. Item 1 above is the Black Slug (Arion ater), item 5 is the Kerry Slug (Geomalacus maculosus), item 6 is the Great Gray Slug (Limax Maximus) and item 7 is the Yellow Slug (Limax flavus).
What food do slugs love the most?
Slugs would love to eat fruits, plants, vegetables, and flowers. They usually spend their day-and-night feeding on plant leaves. They love to stay in moisture; that’s why pots are the best place to breed. A single slug can produce millions of offspring at a time. Their eggs seem like small pearls, and they are usually available on the little pieces of woods that you have placed in your garden. The life span of a slug is almost two years, and they take at least one year to mature.
Gardeners hate slugs
Slugs are known to be the most disliked pests of the garden. You have seen the chewed or holed leaves; they are eaten by the slugs. These pests destroy entire crops. Slug actually feed at night when the temperature falls. They love to live in the mild winters, moist summers, wet springs, and especially the irrigated land. Slugs actually need some place to hide during the day. These places would be flat stones, boards, wood pieces, pots or piles of damp plant. Slugs hate to stay on the rough places and more than 90 percent of the slugs population is present in the soil, and 10 percent comes out at night to feed on plants.
Slugs need moisture
Slugs need a humid or moist environment to grow, survive and reproduce. Most slugs are hermaphroditic that means there are male and female slugs. Normally, they use to lay their eggs in groups ranging from 15 to 50 in the soil or under plant waste. These eggs hatch eventually if the conditions are entirely favorable but in case of unfavorable conditions, these laid eggs may survive for a longer period of time until circumstances improve, in order to hatch that time only. There are different species of slugs, and their length varies between species to species. Adult slugs are usually 30 to 150 mm long and normally slugs have two generations every year.
Some are predators
Some slugs are predators, like the Ghost Slug, which means they eat other slugs, earthworms, and snails as well. Many slugs are very important for a balanced ecosystem as they eat dead leaves, fungus, and decaying vegetable material. Other species of slugs eat living parts of the plants. There are some carnivore slugs that use to eat carrion, including the dead from their own kind.
Hopefully, the valuable information regarding the slugs like what they eat, how they live and how they feed themselves can be of some use to you.
Slug problems? How to get rid of slugs?